With recent Reports called ‘Behind the numbers: Ending school violence and bullying publication’ released by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), reveals that the major issue that has been struggling worldwide is born out to be school violence and bullying. The Report was released at the Education World Forum held in London, UK today.
The Publication that has been released, portrays the evidence obtained against school violence and bullying, followed by nature and impact of the issue along with national responses. The Report consists of quantitative and qualitative data obtained through a global survey covering 144 countries and territories in the world.
According to the report, it reveals that over 1 in 3 students have been caught prey with bullying by their fellow mates once a month, followed by physical violence too.
Physical Violence has found to be the most frequent type of bullying with the children in most of the countries except North America and Europe, where psychological bullying was found common. Sexual Bullying is second from the top when bullying is concerned so far, with children both boys and girls suffering through.
Physical bullying is found quite common among the boys, whereas psychological bullying was found most common in girls, according to the report.
“Children who are perceived as different in any way are more likely to be bullied, and physical appearance is the most common cause of bullying”. it stated.
Another very common category of bullying includes discrimination due to color, nationality etc. with stereotypes being the basis.
Looking at the impacts that bullying leaves on students, it was found that this leaves a very negative impact on children’s mental health sometimes physical and sexual as well. Children suffering through these are found to be felt left out among those studying with them, also they were found to be more often absent from the school as compared to others.
The Solutions that were advised included a commitment to promoting a safe and positive school climate and classroom environment, effective systems for reporting and monitoring school violence and bullying, evidence-based programmes and interventions, training and support for teachers, support and referral for affected students, student empowerment and participation. With these measures, the rate was observed to be declining with a handsome rate, the rate almost decreased by half.
With the implementation of political leadership and high-level commitment, along with legal and policy framework have been proved effective for reducing the violence and bullying.
Stefania Giannini, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Education said: “We are greatly encouraged that nearly half of the countries with available data have decreased rates of school violence and bullying. This proves that through a combination of strong political leadership and other factors such as training, collaboration, reporting and monitoring, we can alleviate the climate of fear created by school bullying and violence. All children and young people have the right to safe, inclusive and effective learning environments.”
It was reported that UNESCO major concerns included reducing this issue or in fact eradicating it for children to be free and help concentrate them to the best of their ability. This campaign got originated through the members of the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children: UNESCO, UNICEF, UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the United Nations Girls Initiative (UNGEI.)