According to new case studies, taking plant-based diets improves insulin sensitivity and other health markers in people with type 1 diabetes due to the presence of high-level carbohydrates in such diet food. Researchers from Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine have conducted the case studies which were published in the Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism. In one of the case studies, a female type 1 diabetes patient with 8.7 per cent A1c was found to achieve stabilised blood sugar after taking a low-carbohydrate (less than 30 grams of carbohydrate per day), high-fat diet that was high in meat and dairy. Though she needed more insulin per gram of carbohydrate consumed. Her cholesterol level also increased to 221 mg/dL from 175 mg/dL.
Study author Hana Kahleova, MD, PhD, director of clinical research at the Physicians Committee said, “This study challenges the misconception that carbs are the enemy when it comes to diabetes. The patient in this case study experienced the opposite: Adding more healthful carbohydrates to her diet stabilized her glycemic control, reduced her insulin needs, and boosted her overall health”.
The result was the same in the second case study which involved a 42-year-old male type 1 diabetes patient.
A small study done previously endorsed the result of the case studies done. Taking a diet with high-carbohydrate and high-fibre improved glycemic control in 10 people with type 1 diabetes.
According to research, low-fat, plant-based diets works in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. People who take vegetarian diets are at approximately half the risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who consume non-vegetarian diets.
Dr Kahleova said, “Decades of research have proven that a plant-based diet can be beneficial for those with type 2 diabetes. Now, these groundbreaking case studies are offering hope that the same may be true for those with type 1 diabetes”.