Make in India initiative was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on September 25, 2014, at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The main aim of this initiative is to make India a global manufacturing hub by encouraging both multinational as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products within the country.
Narendra Modi while launching the Make in India initiative scheme said, “I want to tell the people of the whole world: Come, make in India. Come and manufacture in India. Go and sell in any country of the world, but manufacture here. We have the skill, talent, discipline and the desire to do something. We want to give the world an opportunity that comes to make in India.” This iterates the whole gist of the program.
The initiative is led by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion. It is an important step to achieve the commitment of the Modi government’s call for ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’.
It comes with a dedicated site portal for business queries: www.makeinindia.com.
A Single window clearance window: eBiz and Foreign investor facilitation cell: Invest India Cell has also been established under the mission.
Need for Make in India Scheme
In 2013, India’s growth rate had fallen to its lowest level in a decade, thus putting it into the category of “Fragile Five” nations. The term was coined by Morgan Stanley in 2013 to highlight the economies that have become too dependent on unreliable foreign investment to finance their growth. The five members of the Fragile Five were Turkey, Brazil, India, South Africa, and Indonesia.
Along with it, other problems of India’s manufacturing sector were its sluggish growth (in terms of its contribution to GDP), inefficient working mechanism and lowly-developed research and development base.
These all reasons necessitated the need for a comprehensive action towards the development of the manufacturing sector, thus resulting in the Make in India Mission.
Objectives of Make in India Campaign
- To transform India into a global design and manufacturing hub.
- To introduce new initiatives for the promotion of foreign direct investment
- To implement intellectual property rights.
- To develop the nation’s manufacturing sector.
- To boost the confidence of investors and manufacturers to build and invest in India.
- To improve India’s rank on the Ease of Doing Business index.
- To eliminate the hassles of laws and regulations in the bureaucratic process of business.
- To promote job creation and innovation in the limits of the country.
- To make government transparent and accountable in its working.
- To encourage the avenues of skill development.
- To improve the global competitiveness of the Indian manufacturing sector.
- To promote the sustainability of growth.
For complementing the success of Make in India initiative, various schemes and policies were launched on the sidelines to achieve the objectives of the mission.
National Policy on Skill Development and National IPR policy were launched. An Investor Facilitation Cell (IFC) dedicated to the Make in India campaign was formed in September 2014. This specialized agency was established to help investors in seeking regulatory approvals and hand-holding services.
DPIIT (Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion) has also set up a special management team to fasten the investment proposals from Japan and Korea. ‘Japan Plus’ was operationalized in October 2014 while ‘Korea Plus‘ was launched in June 2016.
Target of Make in India Scheme
- To increase growth in the manufacturing sector to 12-14% per annum over the medium term.
- To raise the contribution of the manufacturing sector to 25% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from its current 16%.
- To create 100 million additional jobs by 2022 in the manufacturing sector.
- To increase domestic value addition and technological depth in the manufacturing sector.
The initiative targets 25 sectors of the economy, ranging from automobile to Information Technology (IT) & Business Process Management (BPM).
- Automobile Components
- Defense Manufacturing
- Electrical Machinery
- Electronic Systems
- Food Processing
- IT and BPM
- Media and Entertainment
- Oil and Gas
- Ports and Shipping
- Renewable Energy
- Roads and Highways
- Space Industry
- Textiles and Garments
- Thermal Power
- Tourism and Hospitality
Make in India Mission Logo
The logo of ‘Make in India’ – a lion made of gear wheels – itself reflects the integral role of manufacturing in government’s vision and national development. The logo was designed by the Indian branch of a foreign company Weiden+Kennedy India Limited.
Pillars of Scheme
The initiative is built on four pillars which are as follows:
1. New Processes
The introduction of new reforms to attracting Foreign Direct Investment and updating of archaic business laws has been one of the main characteristics of the scheme.
2. New Infrastructure
Development of industrial corridors and smart cities with state-of-the-art technology and high-speed communication to boost the innovation and research base. Training of skilled work-force and timely registration of business is also an interesting and much-needed element of this initiative.
Major Industrial corridors that were developed are-
- Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC)
- Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC)
- Bengaluru-Mumbai Economic Corridor (BMEC)
- Vizag-Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC)
- Amritsar Kolkata Industrial Corridor (AKIC)
3. New Sectors
Proposal to promote the development of 25 sectors. The sectors that are covered under the scheme can be accessed at www.makeinindia.com.
4. New Mindset
Encouraging a paradigm shift in the manner of the Government’s interaction with industries.
- Invest India
- Department of Defence Production
- Ministry of Information & Broadcasting
- Department of Space
- Department of Promotion of Industry & Internal Trade
- Department of Financial Services
- Ministry of Mines
- Foreign Investment Facilitation Board
- Ministry of Home Affairs
- Ministry of Civil Aviation
- Department of Telecommunications
- Department of Economic Affairs
- Department of Pharmaceuticals
As per the official report submitted and published by PIB on 17 December 2018,
- India became a net exporter of electricity. A total of 7203 MU were exported to Nepal, Bangladesh, and Myanmar during 2017-18.
- One of the world’s largest 648-MW solar power plant in Tamil Nadu was commissioned on September 21, 2016.
- Two path-breaking prototype locomotives of WAGC3 & WAG11 class of 10,000 and 12,000 hp respectively were developed indigenously by converting existing diesel locomotive to upgraded electric locomotive.
- Asia’s largest MedTech Zone (AMTZ) has been set up in Andhra Pradesh.
- 88 cold chain projects were commissioned from June 2014 to August 2018, thereby, creating an additional food processing capacity of 3.9 lakh tonnes.
- Three textile mega clusters in Bareilly, Lucknow, and Kutch were in the development phase which can benefit 14505 artisans.
- Major ports in India have added capacity of 92.19 MTPA during FY 2017-18. Total turnaround time at these ports has reduced by 33% from 96 hrs in FY 2014-15 to 64.32 hrs in FY 2017-18.
- According to the data provided by India Cellular & Electronics Association (ICEA), the initiative saved Rs. 3 lakh crore of possible outflow in the last four years, by replacing the import of completely built units (CBUs) with domestically manufactured and assembled handsets.
- In the last two years, the country has successfully climbed 53 places in Ease of Doing Business rankings.
To know about the top five countries that are contributing to the success of Make In India mission and investing heavily in India’s manufacturing market, click here.
Latest Ease of Doing Business rankings of 2019 also gave its testimony to the claims of the government that India is moving right on its journey towards growth with this tool of Make in India. In the 2019 ranking, India climbed 23 points to reach the 77th spot. India became the top-ranked country in South Asia for the first time and third among the BRICS.
The mission is one of the most ambitious reformative steps taken by the Indian government to transform its economy in recent decades. Continuous improvements in Ease of Doing Business rankings are further adding credibility to the success story of this initiative.
It is right to acknowledge that Make in India has been successful in achieving its promises of noble commitments. The dedicated site and easy mechanism for registering a business are what made India take multiple strides in its ranking across various indices of economic growth.